Sunday, December 11, 2011

SpaceX Dragon set for first commercial cargo delivery to ISS in February

If all goes as planned SpaceX will again make history in early 2012, flying the first commercial cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. NASA announced on Friday that California based Space Exploration Technologies Corp., or SpaceX, is set to launch their Dragon capsule from Cape  Canaveral on Feb. 7.
That flight would come one year and one day after SpaceX became the first private aerospace developer to successfully launch, orbit, and safely recover a private spacecraft. The upcoming mission will send an unmanned Dragon capsule to the I.S.S. where it will be berthed to the station using a robotic arm. The capsule will be ferrying supplies but due to the test aspect of the flight, it will not be carrying any mission critical items, NASA stated.
A NASA press release stressed that Feb. 7 is a target date, but could be subject to change.
According to the Huffington Post:
"Pending all the final safety reviews and testing, SpaceX will send its Dragon spacecraft to , bring rendezvous with the International Space Station in less than two months," said NASA's No. 2, deputy administrator Lori Garver. "So it is the opening of that new commercial cargo delivery era."
NASA has turned to industry to help stock the space station now that the space shuttles are retired, investing hundreds of millions of dollars in this startup effort. The station currently is supplied by Russian, European and Japanese vessels.
SpaceX's Dragon capsule will fly within two miles of the space station, for a checkout of all its systems. Then it will close in, with station astronauts grabbing the capsule with a robotic arm. The Dragon ultimately will be released for a splashdown in the Pacific. None of the other cargo carriers come back intact; they burn up on re-entry.
If the rendezvous and docking fail, SpaceX will try again. That was the original plan: to wait until the third mission to actually hook up with the station and delivery supplies. SpaceX wanted to hurry it up.
SpaceX – run by PayPal co-founder Elon Musk – is one of several companies vying for space station visiting privileges. It hopes to step up to astronaut ferry trips in perhaps three more years. In the meantime, Americans will be forced to continue buying seats on Russian Soyuz spacecraft.
"Every decision that we make at SpaceX is focused on ... taking crew to space," SpaceX President Gwynne Shotwell said Friday at a forum in Seattle about NASA's future. She said the company is "thrilled" at the prospect of delivering cargo to the space station early next year, and noted that the company is shooting for 2014 with astronauts.
Congress has appropriated $406 million for the commercial crew effort for 2012, considerably less than NASA's requested $850 million.
"It is nevertheless a significant step," Garver said at the forum, televised by NASA. She said NASA is evaluating whether it can speed up when U.S. companies "deliver our precious astronauts to and from the space station."

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